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Mini Review Pages 63-67
Abstract: Cardiac surgery is associated with high risk of perioperative blood loss leading to hemodynamic instability, which frequently warrants fluid replacement, pharmacological therapy or transfusion. Regardless of an association of as little as 1-2 blood units with a dramatic increase in morbidity and mortality, transfusion is still widely administered. Despite recent guidelines there is still little consensus on blood transfusion thresholds and the implementation of multidisciplinary patient blood management programs, has not led to convincing effects as RBC transfusion is still a frequent option in cardiac surgery.
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Original Article Pages 60-62
Abstract: Valvular heart disease is either in form of stenosis or regurgitation that result from acquired pathology or related to congenital cardiac lesions. Mixed valvular disease is referred to having more than one valvular lesion together that may challenge the proper estimation of each valve severity.
Original Article Pages 55-59
Abstract: Fast track protocol has been proven to be cost effective and allows optimal utilization of healthcare services. Careful patient selection is crucial to its success. We aim to identify factors leading to fast track failure in our institution so as to improve patient selection.
CASE REPORT Pages 53-54
Abstract: Factor XI deficiency (FXID), is a rare disorder of the coagulation system and the incidence of FXID is estimated to be one in a million. It is claimed to be associated with prominent bleeding in case of trauma and surgery irrelevant to the FXI level. The treatment modality of FXID varies from Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) to the plasma-derived FXI concentrate depending on country and medical center.
LETTER TO EDITOR Pages 51-52
Abstract: Biological heart is like an engine inside the body that keeps everything running. In a day, heart pumps approximately two thousand gallons of blood. Like any other engine if heart is not taken care; it can break down and pump less efficiently and this condition is called heart failure.
Original Article Pages 41-50
Abstract: We investigated the prognostic value of pre-procedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and cardiovascular death (CVD) using Korean registry data in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention.