Annals of Heart

ISSN: 2578-6520

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Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Association of Hyperhomocysteinemia and Adverse Postoperative Outcomes of on-Pump Primary Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery among Postmenopausal Women

Authors: Rafael Kmiliauskis Santos Gomes, PhD and Moacyr Roberto Cuce Nobre, PhD

Abstract: Studies investigating the possible role of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHC) in increasing postoperative morbidity and mortality among postmenopausal women undergoing on-pump primary isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery are sparse in the literature. The knowledge about the relationship of preoperative HHC and postoperative adverse cardiovascular events is not adequately covered.

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Review Article Volume 4 Issue 1

The Impact of Ischemic Heart Disease on Rheumatoid Arthritis

Authors: Rafael Kmiliauskis Santos Gomes, PhD and Moacyr Roberto Cuce Nobre, PhD

Abstract: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory autoimmune disease of unknown etiology. Current knowledge supports that chronic inflammation represents a crucial risk factor without prior development of atherosclerosis. Thus, the epidemiological findings of patients with RA have demonstrated an expressive increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In addition, these patients present a higher prevalence of coronary risk factors and, when associated with poor prognostic factors, increase the risk of ischemic heart disease.

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Case Report Volume 4 Issue 1

Second Level Management of a Complex Case with Suspected Cardiac Amyloidosis: A Challenge for the Clinician

Authors: Valerio Massimo Magro

Abstract: We report the clinical case report of a 67-year-old patient with diagnoses of hypertension, ischemic heart disease and a previous history of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) and nonspecific signs and symptoms (general illness, weight loss, hyporexia, fever, impressive edema at the feet, systemic arterial hypotension). So, we performed a series of laboratory, radiological and instrumental examinations, but the clinical picture remained difficult to interpret. The echocardiographic evaluation led us to a suspicion of infiltrative heart disease, and the magnetic resonance, while confirming the interesting data observed at the ultrasound exam.

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Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Survival of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest by Early Defibrillation in the Sorrento Peninsula

Authors: Maurizio Santomauro, Vincenzo Iaccarino, Salvatore Criscuolo, Adele Ferro, Carla Riganti, Mario Alberto Santomauro, Raffaele Giordano, Mario Petretta, Francesco Elia and Domenico Bonaduce

Abstract: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a critical public health problem also in Italy. The use of Automated External Defibrillator (AED) by non-healthcare professionals was approved in Italy since 2001. The number of installed AED was increased in Italy annually since 1999 and the number of sold AED was more than 50.000 units until 2017. Nevertheless, there were about 60.000 OHCA annually. For this reason, we investigated, using retrospective regional register study, the efficacy of Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) interventional program in terms of survival rate for patient suffering of OHCA with shockable rhythm rescued by bystanders compared to traditional 118 Emergency Medical Service (EMS) System activation.

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Mini Review Volume 3 Issue 1

Transfusion Strategy the Impact of Oxygen Delivery

Authors: Bhavsar R, Greisen J and Carl-Johan Jakobsen

Abstract: Cardiac surgery is associated with high risk of perioperative blood loss leading to hemodynamic instability, which frequently warrants fluid replacement, pharmacological therapy or transfusion. Regardless of an association of as little as 1-2 blood units with a dramatic increase in morbidity and mortality, transfusion is still widely administered. Despite recent guidelines there is still little consensus on blood transfusion thresholds and the implementation of multidisciplinary patient blood management programs, has not led to convincing effects as RBC transfusion is still a frequent option in cardiac surgery.

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Original Article Volume 3 Issue 1

Challenges in Cardiology: Mixed Valvular Heart Disease

Authors: Jamilah Al Rahimi and Ahmed Abuosa

Abstract: Valvular heart disease is either in form of stenosis or regurgitation that result from acquired pathology or related to congenital cardiac lesions. Mixed valvular disease is referred to having more than one valvular lesion together that may challenge the proper estimation of each valve severity.

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Original Article Volume 3 Issue 1

Factors Determining Fast-Track Failure Post Cardiac Surgery

Authors: YC Tham, Zihui Tan, Jinghui Chen, SY Chia, KC Chua, Kenny Sin and Shah Shitalkumar

Abstract: Fast track protocol has been proven to be cost effective and allows optimal utilization of healthcare services. Careful patient selection is crucial to its success. We aim to identify factors leading to fast track failure in our institution so as to improve patient selection.

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CASE REPORT Volume 3 Issue 1

Perioperative Management of a Patient with Factor XI Deficiency Undergoing Cardiac Surgery

Authors: Ibrahim Mungan, Serdar Yamanyar, Cetin Murat Songur and Sema Turan

Abstract: Factor XI deficiency (FXID), is a rare disorder of the coagulation system and the incidence of FXID is estimated to be one in a million. It is claimed to be associated with prominent bleeding in case of trauma and surgery irrelevant to the FXI level. The treatment modality of FXID varies from Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) to the plasma-derived FXI concentrate depending on country and medical center.

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LETTER TO EDITOR Volume 3 Issue 1

Editorial on Advances in Artificial Heart

Authors: Manu Mitra

Abstract: Biological heart is like an engine inside the body that keeps everything running. In a day, heart pumps approximately two thousand gallons of blood. Like any other engine if heart is not taken care; it can break down and pump less efficiently and this condition is called heart failure.

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Original Article Volume 3 Issue 1

Prognostic Value of Pre-Procedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Flow in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients with Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Authors: Kye Taek Ahn, Jin Kyung Oh, Jin-Ok Jeong, Seon Ah Jin, Jae-Hwan Lee, Si-Wan Choi, Myung Ho Jeong, Shung Chull Chae, Myeong Chan Cho, Jang Ho Bae, In-Whan Seong, Other Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) and Korean Registry of Myocardial Infarction (KorMI) investigators

Abstract: We investigated the prognostic value of pre-procedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and cardiovascular death (CVD) using Korean registry data in ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

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Original Article Volume 2 Issue 1

Phantom Assessment of Unshielded Magnetocardiography Repeatability, Precision and Accuracy in Electric Sources Localization

Authors: Gianmarco Lombardi, Anna Rita Sorbo, Riccardo Fenici and Donatella Brisinda

Abstract: Pre-interventional knowledge of arrhythmogenic substrate location may reduce interventional time and arrhythmias ablation risks. Magnetocardiographic Mapping (MCG) is a contactless method for non-invasive localization of intracardiac sources used for Three-Dimensional (3D) Electro-Anatomical Imaging (EAI) of arrhythmogenic substrates.

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Review Article Volume 2 Issue 1

Recent Progress in the Diagnosis and Management of Tako-Tsubo Syndrome

Authors: Thanh H Nguyen, Gao J Ong, Sven Yuri Surikow, Jeanette Stansborough, Matthew Worthley, Gnanadevan Mahadavan, Dana Dawson DM, Michael P Frenneaux and John D Horowitz

Abstract: Tako-Tsubo Syndrome (TTS), also known as apical ballooning syndrome or "broken heart syndrome", was discovered by Japanese investigators 27 years ago, and was initially assumed to be a rarity.

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Research Article Volume 2 Issue 1

Hemolytic Anemia after Mitral Valve Repair: Case Report

Authors: Haydar Yasa and Füruzan Aktuğ

Abstract: Mechanical hemolytic anemia, although there is a well-known complication of mechanical valve replacement is reported to be rare after mitral valve repair.

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Review Article Volume 2 Issue 1

Role of Non-Invasive Mechanical Ventilation as an Alternative to Tracheostomy in the Weaning of Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure

Authors: Rosa Mariela Mirambeaux Villalona, Salvador Díaz-Lobato and John Robert Bach

Abstract: Tracheostomy is a very frequently performed procedure that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There are several complications related to tracheostomy, such as bleeding, stomal infection, pneumonia, tracheoesophageal fistula, tracheal stenosis and others.

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Research Article Volume 2 Issue 1

The Role of Cardiotrophin-1 in the Evaluation of Myocardial Ischemia in Patients Undergoing Off-Pump and On-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Authors: Mehmet Ergun Tecimer, Ahmet Yuksel, Murat Bicer, Irem Iris Kan, Mustafa Tok and Isik Senkaya Signak

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the availability of cardiotrophin-1 in the evaluation of myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.

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Editorial Volume 1 Issue 1

Digital Eyewear in Cardiology-Looking Forward

Authors: Stephen J Leslie and Charles Knoery

Abstract: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and consumes a large proportion of health care budgets due to acute admissions to hospital, hospital transfers, investigations, treatment and outpatient follow up. Managing CVD in remote areas may be particularly challenging (and expensive) as there are additional geographical barriers to patients gaining specialist care and advice. This has a led to a feeling that the current situation is not sustainable and that we must change or adapt the way we provide healthcare.

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Case Report Volume 1 Issue 1

Brugada Type 1 ECG Caused by an RVOT Tumor

Authors: Bruno Schnegg, Jens Seiler, Thomas M Suter, Hildegard Tanner and Helge Servatius

Abstract: A 66-year-old female patient without any relevant medical history other than rectal cancer was admitted for biopsy of a peri-myocardial tumor after the incidental finding of a mass in the region of the ventral right ventricle in a follow-up positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET-CT). Diagnostic investigation revealed a cardiac metastasis of the rectal cancer affecting the anterior right ventricle, obstructing the right ventricular outflow tract, and causing a type 1 Brugada ECG.

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Review Article Volume 1 Issue 1

Flow Velocity, Fluid Dynamics and Vascular Pathophysiology

Authors: Gundu HR Rao

Abstract: Diseases of blood vessels cause more morbidity and mortality than combined impact of any other major noncommunicable disease (NCD) including cancer. By and large, these diseases are diagnosed by monitoring known risk factors. Th management of the disease is more or less limited to the management of the risk factors. We strongly feel, that development of a therapy system based on the management of disease of the vessel, than management of the risk factors, will yield better results and provide better opportunity for individualized therapy.

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Journal Details

  • Journal: Annals of Heart
  • ISSN: 2578-6520
  • ISO abbreviation: Ann Heart
  • Other Title: AHE
  • Pub Type: Open Access