Journal of Gastroenterology Research

ISSN: 2578-6210

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Review Article Volume 3 Issue 1

Five Anabolic Steroids in the Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Authors: Edward M Lichten, MD

Abstract: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), the constituents of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), are the most destructive benign diseases of young adults. Two-hundred thousand young men and women in North America will have major bowel resection annually, half to experience a premature death and many an increased risk of colorectal cancer. New cases in the youngest quadrille are appearing at a 0.5 percent rate per year. Adalimumab, the last pharmaceutical TNF-inhibitor drug approved for IBD was 17 years ago.

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Original Article Volume 3 Issue 1

Evaluation of Patients Suspected Gastric Cancer with Multidedector Computed Tomography

Authors: Cihad Hamidi, Mahmut Corapli and Murat Pekgoz

Abstract: Endoscopic biopsy results and abdominal CT findings of patients admitted at the endoscopy unit of Gastroenterology Department between September 2008 and December 2014 with a working diagnosis of gastric carcinoma were retrospectively compared.

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Research Article Volume 2 Issue 1

Is there a Linkage between Celiac Disease and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes?

Authors: Nicoletta Di Simone, Matteo Gratta and Giovanni Scambia

Abstract: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that occurs in genetically predisposed people in which the ingestion of gluten leads to a damage in the small intestine that clinically presents with malabsorption related symptoms. However it is known that celiac disease can also be the underlying cause of several non-gastrointestinal symptoms. This review summarizes the studies and data acquired on the relationship between celiac disease and gynecological/obstetric disorders. Over the past few decades numerous studies highlighted the existence of a linkage between celiac disease and gynecological/obstetric disorders such as delayed menarche, early menopause, amenorrhea or infertility and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

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Clinical Image Volume 2 Issue 1

An Uncommon Cause of a Refractory Gastric Ulcer

Authors: Jiten P Kothadia, Wuttiporn Manatsathit and Virkam Jala

Abstract: A 29-year-old female with a history of bipolar disorder presented to the emergency department (ED) with worsening epigastric pain. Two years ago, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showed a 1.5-cm benign-appearing superficial ulcer in the pylorus. She was presumed to have an NSAID-induced peptic ulcer and was treated with proton pump inhibitor therapy. She had multiple hospitalizations for abdominal pain and several subsequent EGDs showing refractory gastric ulcer.

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Original Article Volume 2 Issue 1

Prognostic Value of Probe-Based Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Authors: Deenaz Zaidi, Hien Q Huynh, Matthew W Carroll and Eytan Wine

Abstract: The incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), including Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is increasing in children. We recently demonstrated increased epithelial gaps in the non-inflamed duodenum of CD and UC patients, and high capillary flow rates in the duodenum of UC patients using probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE). The aim of the present study was to determine if increased epithelial gap density or capillary flow could predict the clinical course of IBD patients and response to therapy.

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Case Report Volume 1 Issue 2

Pill-Induced Esophagitis with Mucosal Dissection: A Case Report

Authors: Marcelia Brandelli Vieira dos Santos, Fernanda de Quadros Onofrio and Jeronimo Conto de Oliveira

Abstract: Pill-induced esophageal injury was first described in 1970. It occurs when a caustic medicinal pill dissolves in the esophagus and releases its noxious content, particularly if transit is delayed. Injury of this type, called pill esophagitis or pill induced esophageal injury is common but unfortunately is under-reported.

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Original Article Volume 1 Issue 2

Factors Associated with Adverse Outcomes after Surgical Repair of Bile Duct Injury

Authors: Gustavo Martinez Mier, Juan Pablo Medina Granados, Horacio Enriquez De los Santos, Hector J Luna Ortiz, Nicolas Hernandez Herrera, Stefan Zilli Hernandez, Francisco A Lajud Barquin and Lhisty M Vazquez Ramirez

Abstract: Bile duct injury management requires skill of experienced surgeons at referral centers. Multiple factors may alter their outcomes.

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Case Report Volume 1 Issue 2

Hepatocellular Carcinoma Encountered during Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery: Two Case Reports and Discussion

Authors: Pulimuttil James Zachariah, Wei Jei Lee and Kong-Han Ser

Abstract: Recent epidemiological data demonstrate a rise in the prevalence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) in obesity and diabetes.

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Original Research Volume 1 Issue 2

Helicobacter Pylori IgG Sero-Prevalence Study in Two Adjacent Regions of Contrasting Gastric Cancer Rates and Bracken Fern Frequency in Western Venezuela

Authors: Marisabel Avendano-Meza, Cesar I Perez-Maldonado and Miguel E Alonso-Amelot

Abstract: As Human Gastric Cancer Death Rates (HGCDR) is unevenly distributed in western Venezuela, we explored possible risk factors, among which Helicobacter Pylori (Hp) infection alongside bracken fern invasion could be differential contributors.

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Prospective Volume 1 Issue 2

Colitis from an Artist's Prospective

Authors: Jamie E Ehrenpreis, Rachel Harper, Benjamin Z Ehrenpreis and Eli D Ehrenpreis

Abstract: It is widely understood that art expresses human experience to an audience. The viewer is provided with a unique form of insight when art is created by individuals depicting their own disease.

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Case Report Volume 1 Issue 1

Tumor Lysis Syndrome in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Treated with the Oral Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Imatinib: A Case Report

Authors: Jeng-Nian Yuan, Anna Fen-Yau Li and Chih-Yen Chen

Abstract: Tumor lysis syndrome in hematological malignancy is more common than in solid tumors. Little literature has been published on tumor lysis syndrome in solid tumors.

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Clinical Image Volume 1 Issue 1

Duodenal-Type Follicular Lymphoma Mimic Follicular Hyperplasia

Authors: Yutaka Shimazu and Kazuyo Fujimura

Abstract: A 56-year-old Japanese woman with no notable medical history was admitted to our clinic because of abnormal changes in upper gastrointestinal series for regular checkup. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed. In the duodenum, white plaques resembling lymphoid hyperplasia were detected (Figure 1A, arrowheads).

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Case Report Volume 1 Issue 1

Codeine-Induced Pancreatitis in a Patient with Previous Cholecystectomy

Authors: Alexandra May Limmer and Zackariah Clement

Abstract: Codeine is a rare precipitant of acute pancreatitis. The hypothesised mechanism is transient codeine-induced sphincter of Oddi spasm. This case report describes an 80-year-old woman with previous cholecystectomy who developed acute pancreatitis within one hour after administration of a low dose (60 mg) codeine phosphate preparation for sialadenitis.

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Review Article Volume 1 Issue 1

Plant Histaminase as Bioactive Agent to Lower the Histamine Level: A Mini-Review

Authors: Mircea Alexandru Mateescu, Mireille Djatougbevi Koudoufio, Armelle Tchoumi Neree and Bruno Mondovi

Abstract: Histamine is a biogenic amine originating endogenously or exogenously from Histidine by enzymatic decarboxylation. Endogenous histamine is mostly generated by basophils and mast cells that, when activated, will release histamine that is involved in various regulatory processes but also will induce multiple allergic effects (hypotension, tachycardia, vascular risks) including anaphylactic shock and possible death.

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Review Article Volume 1 Issue 1

Impact of Genetic Testing in the Diagnosis and Management of Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency

Authors: Lombardo Rachel C, Hopkin Robert and Abu-El-Haija Maisam

Abstract: The proband was of Arabic descent and evaluated for intractable diarrhea and poor growth. Molecular testing identified a nonsense mutation in the sucrase-isomaltase (SI) gene consistent with a diagnosis of sucrase-isomaltase deficiency (CSID).

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Review Article Volume 1 Issue 1

Food Safety and Climate Change: Seasonality and Emerging Food Borne Pathogens

Authors: Ahmet Koluman, Abdullah DİKİCİ, Tolga Kahraman and Gökhan Kürşad İNCİLİ

Abstract: The future consequences of climate change and its impact on food safety is still not clear due to many variations and uncertanities. It is obvious that seasonal distribution and incidence of campylobacteriosis, salmonellosis and vero-toxigenic Escherichia coli borne diseases are increasing as the environmental temperature increases.

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Research Article Volume 1 Issue 1

Vero-Toxigenic Escherichia Coli (VTEC): To Sum up all we know

Authors: Basak Unver Koluman and Ahmet Koluman

Abstract: Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli renamed after detection of production ability of cytotoxin which kills Vero cells, a continuous cell line derived from the kidney of the African green monkey (Chlorocebus sp). These toxins are proved to cause severe diseases in humans.

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Research Article Volume 1 Issue 1

Clinicopathological and Prognostic Features of Extragastrointestinal Stromal Tumors of the Omentum: A Review

Authors: Giuseppe Angelico, Saveria Spadola and Claudia Trombatore

Abstract: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the digestive tract. A small percentage of GISTs form extragastrointestinal masses in the omentum, mesenteries, retroperitoneum, and undefined abdominal sites. These tumors have been labelled as "extra-gastrointestinal stromal tumors" (EGISTs). By definition, extragastrointestinal stromal tumors display no connection to the walls of the gastrointestinal tubular organs.

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Research Article Volume 1 Issue 1

Risk Factors for Gastrointestinal Disorders Among Iraqi Americans in Southeast Michigan, United States

Authors: Laith H Jamil, Fahad K Alobaidi, Faris Lami, Neiveen Peter and Hikmet J Jamil

Abstract: To study the prevalence of gastrointestinal disorders, understand the compliance to treatment among Iraqi Arabs and Iraqi Chaldeans, and predict risk factors for gastrointestinal disorders. 350 random samples of Iraqi Americans, who immigrated to United States from Iraq at different times reported gastrointestinal disorders. Compliance to treatment was evaluated.

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Journal Details

  • Journal: Journal of Gastroenterology Research
  • ISSN: 2578-6210
  • ISO abbreviation: J Gastroenterol Res
  • Other Title: JGR
  • Pub Type: Open Access